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Overcoming chemoresistance in mesenchymal lung cancer

By 2022년 01월 18일1월 21st, 2022No Comments

Even when targets responsible for chemoresistance are identified, drug development is often hampered due to the poor druggability of these proteins. We systematically analyzed therapy-resistance with a large-scale cancer cell transcriptome and drug-response datasets and predicted the candidate drugs based on the gene expression profile. Our results implicated the epithelial–mesenchymal transition as a common mechanism underlying resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs. Notably, we identified ITGB3, whose expression was abundant in both drug resistance and mesenchymal status, as a promising target to overcome chemoresistance. We also confirmed that depletion of ITGB3 sensitized cancer cells to conventional chemotherapeutic drugs by modulating the NF-κB signaling pathway. Considering the poor druggability of ITGB3 and the lack of feasible drugs to directly inhibit this protein, we took an in silico screening for drugs mimicking the transcriptome-level changes caused by knockdown of ITGB3. This approach successfully identified atorvastatin as a novel candidate for drug repurposing, paving an alternative path to drug screening that is applicable to undruggable targets.

Soon-Ki Hong*, Haeseung Lee*, Ok-Seon Kwon*, Na-Young Song, Hyo-Ju Lee, Seungmin Kan, Jeong-Hwan Kim, Mirang Kim, Wankyu Kim, Hyuk-Jin Cha, Large-scale pharmacogenomics based drug discovery for ITGB3 dependent chemoresistance in mesenchymal lung cancer, Mol. Cancer 17:175. doi: 10.1186/s12943-018-0924-8. (2018) IF:11.350

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